The signing on 25 December of a declaration on the pursuit of unity between Belarus and Russia, the Treaty on Equal Citizens` Rights, the Agreement establishing a level playing field for businesses and the Protocol on this subject was an important step towards the development of relations and developments between the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation. 1998. In these documents, the Presidents of the two countries expressed their firm determination to continue the movements towards a coalition of free will, which must result from a State of the Union while respecting the national sovereignty of the States and members of the Union. Russia and Belarus have been involved in an oil dispute over prices for a decade. While Russia supplies subsidized energy to Belarus, it is no longer ready to do so indefinitely or without significant political and strategic gains. As a result, the subsidies granted to Belarus were a contentious issue between the two states, with Putin claiming that "subsidizing Belarus (more) in the face of the unresolved issue of state-building of the Union would be a mistake." At present, the prospects for discussions seem more likely than any decision on the creation of a State of the Union. This is mainly due to the fact that attention has now turned to the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic, making the diversification process even more difficult for Belarus in times of global recession. In recent years, the Belarusian president has changed his anti-Russian and anti-Western rhetoric and tried to exploit tensions between Russia and the EU to get cuts in Moscow`s oil and gas prices. In 2020, Moscow announced that Belarus would start paying for Russian oil and gas at world prices, after the Belarusian president resisted Russian pressure to advance the union between the two countries.
Since 2015, the development of relations between former members of the Soviet Union has focused on the development of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAWU), which is itself a development of the Eurasian Customs Union founded in 2010. . .