On 17 October 2019, it was announced that UK and EU negotiators had reached a "new" or "revised" agreement on the Irish border, which put an end to The Irish backstop proposal. You can read the new rules for Northern Ireland here. This would mean that goods crossing the Irish border would not be subject to any customs or product compliance controls. However, only Northern Ireland would be aligned with some additional EU rules to ensure that the Irish border remains as open as it is today. These separate rules for Northern Ireland would mean that there would be a number of controls on goods entering Northern Ireland from the rest of the United Kingdom. The withdrawal agreement stipulates that the UK and the EU could get rid of the backstop requirements, but only if the UK and the EU agree that there is no need to avoid a hard border in Ireland. If the UK were to leave the EU without "any agreement" (if the draft withdrawal agreement is not approved by Parliament), Northern Ireland (under the UK) would have different customs and regulatory standards than Ireland (under the EU). This means that customs controls on goods must be imported at the border, which could create a "hard border" with physical infrastructure such as cameras or guard posts. This would undermine the principle of North-South cooperation as defined in the Good Friday Agreement. Under the draft withdrawal agreement, the UK would enter a "transition period" after Brexit (currently 31 October 2019). The "backstop" would only come into play if these discussions were not under way with a future trade plan that would keep the Irish border unchecked.
Many Brexit supporters say "alternative regulations" could be used to avoid border controls. Prime Minister Johnson called the backstop "undemocratic" and called for its removal from the divorce agreement. On 10 October 2019, Mr Johnson and Leo Varadkar held "very positive and promising" talks that led to the resumption of negotiations and a week later Mr Johnson and Jean-Claude Juncker announced that they had agreed (subject to ratification) on a new withdrawal agreement replacing the backstop with a new protocol on Northern Ireland.2  He says we need to find an alternative to backstop, and last week German Chancellor Angela Merkel gave him 30 days. Under the agreement negotiated by Theresa May, after the official exit from the EU, the UK would enter a transition period during which it would remain a member of the body`s economic zones, namely the internal market and customs union. The backstop therefore provides that if all else fails, the UK remains bound by certain EU customs rules, as well as by different production, environmental and other standards. New Prime Minister Boris Johnson last week declared both the backstop agreement and the withdrawal agreement "dead." This protocol was strongly rejected by the Democratic Unionist Party, which saw it as a weakening of Northern Ireland`s place in the United Kingdom and is seen by a number of commentators as the main reason why the withdrawal agreement was not ratified by the United Kingdom Parliament.    Since 2018, the DUP has stated that the anti-Northern Ireland ruling must be withdrawn from the Brexit withdrawal agreement if it were to continue to support the Conservative government in the House of Commons although the party has stated that it is open to limiting backstops over time.  Below is some information on the backstop, the points raised by VonJohnson and the EU reaction.